Texas Hold’em developed in southern United States in the mid 1900s. It was a rather obscure game that few poker players played, until a gang of poker pros brought it to Golden Nugget Casino in Las Vegas. When World Series of Poker (WSOP) was started in the 1970s, No Limit Texas Hold’em was the game of choice, and No Limit Texas Hold’em is still whats played in WSOP Main Event each year.
Texas Hold’em is played with a standard (French) 52-card deck. No jokers or any other wild cards are used. There is normally ten players at the table, but 8-handed and 6-handed play is also common online as well as offline. It is also possible to engage in so called heads-up play where just two people play Texas Hold’em against each other. Of course, when Texas Hold’em is played informally you simply add as many chairs as necessary to the table. There is nothing in the game itself that prevents it from being played by e.g. 5 or 11 or players. However, the deck only holds 52 cards so if there are a lot of people present it’s better to split up into two separate tables.
The player sitting to the left of the dealer button starts the game by posting the small blind, and the player left of the small blind will proceed by posting the big blind. These are mandatory bets that will ensure that there’s always something in the pot. After each round, the duty of posting these bets will shift since the duty of being dealer shifts. (In casinos, no player actually deals the cards, the dealer button (marker) is simply pushed around.) For a list of casinos offering Texas Hold’em, visit casinogamesreview.com.
Each player is given two cards by the dealer, before the first round of betting commences. The person sitting after the big blind is the first to act. Each player can check/call, raise or fold. When all players have acted, the dealer places three cards face up on the table. These three cards are known as the flop and they community cards that may be used by all players to form poker hands.
After the flop, a new betting round takes place, before the dealer places a fourth community card on the table. This card is known as the turn. A new round of betting is carried out, before the fifth community card – the river – is placed on the table. All community cards are placed face up in Texas Hold’em.
Once the river has been dealt, a final round of betting takes place. If at least two players are still in the game after this round of betting, it’s time for showdown. All remaining players show their hands and the pot goes to the player with the best poker hand.
Fixed Limit / Pot Limit / No Limit
Just as with many other type of poker, Texas Hold’em is played as No Limit, Fixed Limit and Pot Limit, although Pot Limit Texas Hold’em is quite rare.
Fixed Limit: How much you can bet is determined by the limit. Let’s say you are playing a game of $10/$20 Fixed Limit Texas Hold’em. You can then bet $10 each bet during the first two betting rounds, and $20 per bet thereafter.
Pot Limit: The betting limits are determined by how much money there is in the pot.
No Limit: There are no limits. If you wish to bet your entire stack you can.